Academic freedom: “I’ve got no strings to hold me down” September 14, 2013Posted by mareserinitatis in engineering, research, science.
Tags: academic freedom, funding, industry, research, soft money, tenure, universities
It’s no secret that I can’t stand the word “novel” when used to describe research. (I talked about that here.) Therefore, I was quite interested when I saw, in one of my newsfeeds, an article titled, “Academic spin: How to dodge & weave past research exaggeration.” The post is about a discussion that biomedical journal editors at a conference had regarding some of the items that are being published and how to avoid hype and conflict of interest. In general, the topic was interesting, but I had to pause at this paragraph:
Later, we heard from Serina Stratton that out of 313 trials studied, 36 required sponsor/manufacturer approval for text or publication and 6 had gag orders. Leading to some inevitable questions: why aren’t all academic institutions protecting researchers and trial participants from industry restrictions on academic freedom – and why aren’t potential participants being warned about this before they agree to be in a trial?
I’m afraid this may sound a bit judgmental, but I felt like the question about academic institutions protecting researchers and participants was a bit naive.
It is my observation that universities are very much gearing operations toward a business model and are less concerned about education. (I’m not passing judgement, by the way…just stating my observation.) Bringing in research money is a huge component of creating a successful university in the business model, and this is reinforced by things like the Carnegie rankings. The level of research effort is one of those criterion for the rankings, and that is measured not in hours or publications but in research dollars. (The methodology for these rankings is here.) Being a RU/VH (research university, very high) is something nearly every university aspires to. (It was a huge deal when my own university joined the ranks…despite the fact that no one outside the university seemed to realize it.)
But how does one become a tier 1 school when federal budgets are shrinking? You have to fill the gap somewhere, and a lot of places do that by doing contract research for industry. Given the choice between research funding and the prestige that goes with it versus academic freedom, it seems pretty obvious that the whole academic freedom issue is rather inconvenient. The rankings don’t look at academic freedom, they’re looking at research expenditures. Obviously, given the choice, the university is going to catapult whatever prevents receiving funding.
If you’re doing contract research for industry, there is almost always some limitation on academic freedom. Companies are not going to fund research that doesn’t generate proprietary information. Heck, a lot of them won’t fund research if they think the research might leak out and make them look bad. Trade secrets are the norm in industry, and the choice researchers make when they work with industry is the loss of academic freedom. This is a choice that is being pushed by the universities in general, however, because, like most businesses, decisions revolve around the bottom line. Because of that, researchers understand that tenure, and for those on soft money, continuing employment, is heavily dependent on funding. There are few researchers who are going to turn their nose up at a major funding source, even if that funding comes with some pretty serious strings attached.